eucalyptus varieties in australia
Distribution: NSW south coast to NSW mid-north coast. Although the geographical point of origin is on the other side of the world, Eucalyptus radiata or narrow-leaved peppermint has adapted to many climates in the western hemisphere, together with other eucalyptus species such as E. gunnii, E. niphophilia or E. globulus. Paula M. Ezop’s inspirational column "Following the Spiritual Soul" appeared in "Oconee Today," a Scripps Howard publication. Grey Gum Small-fruited Eucalyptus propinqua Messmate Eucalyptus obliqua Other names: Messmate Stringybark is the most widely planted non-native tree in California and Arizona. On younger specimens the stocking is more deeply furrowed and paler in colour (2 & 3). Flower - Fruit - and Bark Identification Web Pages for explanations of botanical definitions and concepts. the written permission from All Creative Designs®. The woody fruit is reverse cone-shaped (obconical), measures only up to 5mm in diameter and features mostly 4 valves (4). CORYMBIA ficifolia syn. When they take this shape, they are commonly used as decorative foliage in cut flower bouquets and floral decorations. < Expand the Menu to access our Tree Identification Pages. The bark on the lower half of the trunk is brown in colour with a rough and flaky texture, whereas the top half of the trunk and upper branches feature a smooth greyish green bark (2). The bark is smooth and firm, white to light grey in colour showing the distinctive scribbles (2). The fine seed is roughly pyramid-shaped and brown to dark brown in colour (4). Adult leaves on mature specimens are; alternately arranged, up to 15cm long, lanceolate (lance-shaped) with entire margins, dark green on top, paler green beneath, only faintly scented when crushed. Despite their origins in Australia, some species will tolerate prolonged periods of cold. Its habitat ranges from close proximity to the coast to open forests along the escarpment (Picture 1). Eucalyptus will form a loose but effective 'hedge' f) Cut foliage for flower arranging - grow it as a large shrub. Growing hardy eucalyptus successfully is really … Introduction and Main Uses The genus Eucalyptus has provided foresters and farmers with a valuable resource of fast growing species able to grow under a wide range of conditions depending on the particular species being used. CORYMBIA citriodora syn. Distribution: NSW central coast to northern Qld. Eucalyptus trees have the ability to survive the the frequent destructive forest fires of Australia. It is native to Western Australia’s … The umbel-shaped inflorescence consists of up to seven flowers that are supported by a primary stalk (peduncle), which is rounded and up to 2cm long. Flower feature a prominent stalk (pedicel) that tapers towards the base (3).The small fruit measures only up to 5mm across and is less than 10mm long with 3 or sometimes 4 valves that are level with the rim or are slightly exerted (4). Adult leaves with an alternate arrangement are; up to 18cm long, narrow elliptic in shape, mostly straight or sometimes curved (falcate) with entire margins, mid-green above, paler green beneath (discolorous), scented, strong and rather stiff in texture. Distribution: NSW central coast to subtropical Qld. Mallet Eucalyptus is also known as open-branched forms. to central coast of NSW. It prefers mountainous areas with high rainfall totals along the Great Dividing Range (Picture 1). Mallet Eucalyptus. Indigenous people across Australia also use bark to make canoes and shields. These qualities have enabled the eucalyptus tree to take root, grow and flourish in this vast continent. Not all species of the eucalyptus tree grow in all of the states where the koala is found, so their diet varies according to the species of trees that are growing in their habitat. It features mostly 4 valves that are slightly sunken or are level with the rim (4). The eucalyptus tree is the mainstay of Australia’s forests; over 700 species of eucalyptus exist in this large continent. Valve tips are claw-like and point inwards, whereas valves tips of the very similar Blue Gum (E.saligna) are spike-like pointing up or outwards (4). The eucalyptus tree is one of the tallest trees in the world, and it has existed in Australia for millions of years. Masses of scented small white flowers appear in winter to early spring (NSW north coast). Eucalypts and species belonging to the closely related genus Corymbia (Bloodwoods) are listed for identification purposes on the web page below. Carbeen Corymbia tessellaris Other names: Moreton Bay Ash Bark on younger branches is greyish white and smooth. CORYMBIA eximia syn. It is also highly valued for its medicinal qualities. The rounded fruit features 4 or 5 stout and strongly exerted valves ending in sharp tips (4). The relatively thin branches are held at steep angles from the upright trunk. Adult leaves found on mature trees typically have an alternate arrangement. Bark except for a short stocking at the base is smooth in texture and shades of grey in colour. lacrimans and ssp. Koalas are nocturnal and feed on the eucalyptus trees at night. Up to 15 individual flowers are held atop a flattened common stalk (peduncle) up to 3cm long. Flower buds are a diamond-shaped and up to 10mm long (3). Venation is inconspicuous showing a network of wavy lateral veins under closer inspection (5). pauciflora (shown), ssp. As they mature, the leaves become elongated and narrow and … Simple adult leaves have an alternate arrangement and are; up to 15cm long, lanceolate (lance-shaped) with entire margins, dark green above, paler green beneath, firm, leathery in texture and scented when crushed. Many Eucalyptus species have relative small distribution ranges. It features a broad flat disc and 3 to 5 valves, with tips that are even height with, or slightly exerted above, the rim level after opening. Simple adult leaves with an alternate arrangement are; up to 20cm long, lanceolate (lance-shaped) with entire margins, straight or curved (falcate), dull green (dried specimens shown) on top, paler beneath (discolourous) and scented when crushed. Format: Paperback with PVC The leaf apex gradually narrows into a fine tip. A practical field guide to the identification of native species. Individual flower stalks are up to 1cm long, but are sometimes absent (sessile). Distribution: NSW central coast to southern Qld. Bark on mature trees shows vertical fissures and is rough and coarsely fibrous in texture. EUCALYPTUS TREES VARIETIES: Eucalyptus victrix commonly known as the smooth-barked coolibah, western coolibah or little ghost gum is a species of small tree that is endemic to Australia. How big do you want your tree or screen to grow? Compared to many other Eucalypts, this species has a relatively densely foliated and multi-branching crown. The fruit is hemispherical in shape measuring up to 8mm in diameter and can be misshapen when appearing in tight clusters. Lemon Scented Gum $ 4.10. Diamond gum (Eucalyptus rhomboidea: Myrtaceae), a new threatened species endemic to the Bremer Range of the southwest Australian floristic region. Blackbutt Tree Eucalyptus pilularis The rather open canopy can spread to a wide margin (3). Whereas within wet tall forests it has to compete for light and may reach a height of more than 30m (1). sejuncta. This tall Eucalyptus tree has a wide distribution range along Australia's east coast. Blue Mountain Ash Eucalyptus oreades Other names: White Ash, Smooth Barked Mountain Ash Alternate simple adult leaves are: up to 21cm long with entire margins, lanceolate in shape (image is showing intermediate leaves which are slightly broader), grey green on top and similar coloured below, firm and leathery in texture. The fruit can vary in shape from ovoid to more cup-shaped and reaches up to 12mm in length. Interestingly, the prominence of Eucalyptus globulus occurred as a result of the burgeoning timber and pulp industry in Asia. The fruit of most Eucalyptus species becomes hard or woody when mature and seeds are dispersed by opening valves. They are roughly cone-shaped and open at one end to r… Blue Gum Eucalyptus saligna Other names: Sydney Blue Gum This medium to tall tree is most abundant in the Blue Mountains of NSW, where under favourable conditions it can attain a height of 40m. Simple alternately arranged leaves (adult) are; up to 16cm long with entire margins, broadly lanceolate (lance-shaped) with entire margins, dark green, glossy above, paler green beneath, firm, leathery and scented when crushed. Eucalyptus goes by many names, such as gum, mallee, box, ash, ironbark and stringybark. It has a wide distribution range and prefers mountainous location for best development (Picture 1). Red Mahogany Eucalyptus resinifera Subspecies: hemilampra Other names: Red Messmate It is a closed branch type Eucalyptus that displays spreading branching with heavy foliage almost the entire length of its short trunk. Distribution: Mid-north coast NSW to northern Qld (2 subspecies; E. citriodora subsp. CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION. Additionally, after fires the winds carry the seeds of the eucalyptus tree, scattering them about the forest floor, and new trees begin to grow. This chemical change is triggered by the heat of the fire. The Spotted Gum C. maculata (listed below on this page) has a very similar appearance. The woody but thin-walled fruit reaches a length of 14mm and a diameter of up to 10mm. This very tall tree species is found on margins of rainforests and in adjoining wet tall forests, where it grows to a height of more than 60m (Picture 1 & 2). Eucalyptus goes by many names, such as gum, mallee, box, ash, ironbark and stringybark. Fibrous and rough bark covers the lower part of the trunk, which is often blackened at the base due to bush fires, whereas the normal colour is a greyish brown (2 & 3). Distribution: South coast of NSW to southern Qld. New Holland Publishers: January 2016 Simple alternate adult leaves are; up to 14cm long, lanceolate (lance-shaped) with entire margins, mid green on top, a lighter grey green beneath, fairly thin, papery but strong in texture. In tall open forests it develops a straight trunk devoid of major branches up to the height of the relatively open crown (Picture 1). Koalas also enjoy eating the young shoots of the tree. Nowadays, there are many varieties of this tree family. Except for seedling leaves, even mature trees can feature all leaf phases, such as juvenile leaves emerging on new shoots after bush fires or injury. Note: This species is a koala food source. Note: There are a number of closely related species sharing the same common name. Valves are deeply sunken (3). Koalas also enjoy eating the young shoots of the tree. Swamp Mahogany Eucalyptus robusta Other names: Swamp Messmate Grey Gum Eucalyptus punctata Distribution: northern Vic., NSW to southern Qld. The woody fruit is mostly cylindrical or more barrel-shaped, up to 12mm long and features 3 or 4 valves with tips not extending past the rim. are endemic to Australia. ... syn. All leaves, even dried specimens on the ground, emit a strong lemon scent when crushed. The prominent operculum is beak-shaped (3). Under favourable conditions the White Mahogany can reach a height of 60m with a trunk measuring up to 1.5m in diameter at the base (Picture 1). Simple adult leaves with an alternate leaf arrangement are; up to 15cm long, mainly broadly lanceolate (lance-shaped) with entire margins, discolorous, scented when crushed (5). The fruit of E. robusta (inset) is considerably larger (18 to 20mm) and valves, reaching above the rim, are conspicuously jointed in the centre. Irregular sized and shaped patches of different coloured bark create a mottled appearance (2 & 3). Leaves of Eucalypts are often very varied in size and shape throughout the trees development phases. It covers three genera: Angophora, Corymbia and Eucalyptus. Note: This species is a primary koala food source. EUCALYPTUS OIL PRODUCTION LEFT AUSTRALIA. Detailed text descriptions and web-optimised pictures of the full tree, leaf, bark, flower bud or fruit samples are provided. Eucalypts and species belonging to the closely related genus Corymbia (Bloodwoods) are listed for identification purposes on the web page below. After a fire, termites are attracted to the weakened eucalyptus trees. There are more than 700 species of eucalyptus. (Opens new browser window). See Flower Characteristics Page and Leaf Characteristics Page for information on terms used. Otherwise bark is very smooth in texture and mainly whitish grey, showing longitudinal streaks of darker grey, and areas with yellow to brownish tones (2). Distribution: Restricted habitat of wet coastal areas and adjacent ranges in tropical Qld (Cairns and surrounding areas). The Flooded Gum is very tall forest tree up to 70m in height and prefers moist fertile soils in higher rainfall areas. The fruit is barrel-shaped and relatively small at only 5 to 6 mm in length. Eucalyptus species 1. Under favourable conditions this very tall Eucalyptus species can grow to 80m, but heights of under 50m are more common and in exposed costal locations it may only be the size of a tall shrub. Distribution: Coastal areas from NSW south coast to central Qld. Older leaves often turn red before falling (5). Shining Gum Eucalyptus nitens See Flower Characteristics Page and Leaf Characteristics Page for information on terms used. A new geographically disjunct and apparently rare subspecies of Eucalyptus jutsonii (Myrtaceae) from … The simplest explanation is that gum trees contain sap which, more often than not, is sticky. Bark, characteristic for Grey Gums, is smooth and often orange coloured when freshly exposed, changing to dark grey with a granular (finely rough) texture before shedding in large plates (2). The simple leaves (adult) with an alternate arrangement are; up to 15cm long, lanceolate (lance-shaped) with entire margins (deformation are visible), firm and leathery, hairless and scented, semi glossy and mid green in colour on both surfaces. Hence the term gum tree. Native to Australia, Eucalyptus is a member of the Myrtaceae family. E. citriodora subsp. Simple adult leaves have an alternate arrangement and are; up to 20cm long, broadly lance-shaped (lanceolate) with entire margins, dark green above, considerably paler beneath (strongly discolorous), scented when crushed, strong and leathery in texture. Sometimes we'll speak of the red gum or the river gum or some other type of gum tree. It is the main source of nourishment for the loveable Koala bear. Weathered outer bark is grey in colour, fresh underlying bark is light brown (2). We attempt to properly describe any tree species shown on this web page and cross referenced our images using these Resources for accurate botanical identification. Juvenile leaves have an alternate arrangement and are; up to 20cm long, hairy and ovate (egg-shaped) (4). Coastal Ironbark Eucalyptus siderophloia The woody fruit is either egg- (ovoid) or cup-shaped and measures around 1cm in diameter. Distribution: Tas., SA, Vic., NSW and south-eastern Qld. Note: This species is a koala food source. Juvenile leaves are broader and up to 15cm long (5). Distribution: Vic., & NSW. Texture changes from smooth (all over) to granular with age. This red flowering gum print is titled "Flowering Gum". Simple adult leaves have an alternate arrangement and are; up to 13cm long, lanceolate (lance-shaped) with rough entire margins, relatively thin but strong in texture. Bark, continuing to small branches, is a pale grey brown colour, rough and scaly in texture with patches of exposed resin (kino) often visible (2). On the mid-north coast of NSW, mature trees lose the rough bark at the base of the trunk nearly entirely (1, 2 & 3). One factor contributing to their survival is their thick bark, which protects the trunk of the tree. The cylindrical shaped fruit is up to 16mm long and 10mm across featuring 3 or 4 valves, which are normally slightly raised above the rim level and conspicuously jointed at the centre (4). Eucalyptus is a genus of trees.There are over 700 species of eucalypts, and almost all of them are in Australia.Eucalypts can be found in almost every part of the Australia, and they are adapted to many different habitats.. Eucalyptus is one of three similar genera that are commonly referred to as "eucalypts", the others being Corymbia and Angophora. Then the bud cap falls off to reveal a flower with no petals. Four deep seated valves release brown coloured seeds with a small surrounding flange (4). Under favourable conditions this tall tree species can reach 45m or more in height. citriodora in North Qld.). Bark is a reddish brown weathering to grey with a flaky, scaly texture covering the whole tree to the smallest branches (3). Images and text descriptions from this web page are not to be redistributed or reproduced in any way, shape, or form without Narrow-leaved Peppermint Eucalyptus radiata subspecies sejuncta When fully opened, valve tips are exerted above rim level (4). Eucalyptus astringens . Descriptions and all images copyright ©2020 by www.allcreativedesigns.com.au world wide rights reserved. Adult leaves are up to 15cm long and narrower than the intermediate leaves shown. Eucalyptus Gum Trees or now also known as Corymbia are the quintessential Australian native tree. The eucalyptus tree is the mainstay of Australia’s forests; over 700 species of eucalyptus exist in this large continent. This amazing tree is an important part of Australia’s ecosystem. Distribution: Higher country from the mid-north coast of NSW to central Qld. It is very similar to the Swamp Mahogany (E.robusta listed below) in appearance and often shares a habitat with this species (Image 1). While all Eucalyptus may seem pretty much the same to visitors to the continent, eucalyptus "trees" come in a variety of shapes, colors and sizes. Adult leaves are up to 20cm long, very narrow lanceolate (lance-shaped), firm and strong in texture. The stalk and to some extent the fruit have a finely wrinkled surface texture. Some species of eucalyptus trees can grow as tall as 330 ft. (100 m). Rainforest of Australia's East Coast Book. The genus Corymbia is only elevated to a level of subgenus by some botanical sources. Leaf apex is gradually tapering to a fine point (5). ratiata, subsp. The shape of the fruit varies from cup-shaped to pyriform (pear-shaped) (3). Adult leaves are; up to 15cm long, lanceolate in shape with entire margins, hairless, dark green and rather dull on upper surface, lighter green below with a firm texture. Leaf apex is acute and base shape cuneate. Young branches are covered in smooth grey bark (2). Trunks of tall trees are columnar and branchless to half or more of its height (2). Depending on conditions, this medium or tall tree reaches a height of 25m to 40m. Nativity: It is commonly known as the Brown Mallet. It is also commonly known as the silver dollar tree because it has silvery blue-green leaves that are round when young, giving them the look of big silver coins. 3 or sometimes 4 sharply pointed valve tips extend beyond the flat rim and release numerous fine brown seeds (4). Simple adult leaves with an alternate arrangement are; up to 30cm long, narrowly lance-shaped with entire margins, straight of curved (falcate), dull or semi-glossy and dark green on both surfaces (concolorous), strong and leathery in texture. Distribution: Tas., SA, Vic., NSW and southern Qld. Leaf stalk (petiole) is yellowish in colour and up to 2.5cm long. Buy Now. Alternately arranged adult leaves are; up to 16cm long, lanceolate or broadly lanceolate (lance-shaped) with entire margins, dark green on top, paler green beneath, only faintly scented when crushed, strong and firm in texture. The eucalyptus trees are native to Australia where the origins of this tree type can be found. Simple leaves with an alternate arrangement are; up to 16cm long, lance-shaped, straight or slightly curved, glossy, dark green on both surfaces (concolorous), strong and leathery in texture. Full Colour Photography Eucalyptus plants are native to Australia but also grow in tropical and temperate climates throughout the world. New England Blackbutt Eucalyptus andrewsii subspecies andrewsii Note: This species is a koala food source. This tall Eucalyptus species prefers locations at higher altitudes along the Great Dividing Range, where under good conditions it can reach a height of 40m or more. Southern Mahogany Eucalyptus botryoides Other names: Bangalay Flower buds are distinctively cone shaped and up to 10mm long (3). Buy Now. Up to ten separate flowers are held on a common stalk measuring up to 3cm in length. Native to Australia and the South Pacific, eucalyptus trees have now been planted in tropical and temperate areas around the world. Simple adult leaves with an alternate arrangement are; up to 20cm long, narrowly lanceolate (lance-shaped) with entire margins, straight or slightly curved, hairless, leathery, greyish green and dull on both surfaces (concolorous) (5). The book was written and illustrated by the author of the tree identification web pages. Ovoid shaped flower buds are up to 1cm in length (3). It features 4 exerted valve tips, slightly raised above the rim level (4). Thin-leaved Stringybark Eucalyptus eugenioides [E.nigra] Koalas eat the leaves of about 20 of the 700 species of eucalyptus trees that are found in Australia. The fruit shown is in its' early development stage, still green in colour turning brown and woody with age. When it flowers a bud cap made of petals grows around the flower until it is ready to open. The guide was written and illustrated by the author of these web pages. Scribbly Gum Eucalyptus signata Mid vein is raised on both surfaces and numerous straight lateral veins are obvious. Flower buds are mostly egg-shaped less than 1cm long. It occurs from coastal to mountainous locations and can reach a height of up to 50m under ideal conditions (Picture 1). It also has been extensively planted as an ornamental tree outside its natural habitat (Picture 1). Distribution: NSW central coast to northern Qld. The shape of the fruit is varied from cup-shaped (cupular) to more upside down cone-shaped (obconical). Distribution (E. punctata): Central parts of NSW, coastal to inland regions. Note: This species was classified as a subspecies of E. propinqua and is a Koala food source. Click or Tap Images for Full Size View. Leaves feature mostly entire margins (edges) and are characteristically rather strong, hairless, smooth and leathery in texture. In the centre 4 or 5 small valve tips extend to rim level or slightly above after opening (3). She has published her first book, "SPIRITUALITY for Mommies," and her children's chapter book, "The Adventures of Penelope Star," will be published by Wiggles Press. Mature simple leaves feature an alternate arrangement and are; varied in length from less than 10 to 20cm long, mostly falcate (sickle-shaped) or sometimes nearly lance-shaped (straight) with entire margins, paler green on lower surface (discolorous), strong and leathery. Under ideal conditions this species can reach a height of 40m. Eucalyptus citriodora . Lemon-scented Gum Corymbia citriodora Other names: Lemon-scented Iron Gum, Spotted Iron Gum White Mahogany Eucalyptus acmenoides Other names: Yellow Stringybark The Red Mahogany Eucalyptus resinifera is a tall tree reaching heights of more than 40m and occurs mainly in tall open forests (Picture 1). They attack their trunks and branches, eating the wood and hollowing them out. This species is found in coastal to mountainous locations (Picture 1). The Thin-leaved Stringybark is an abundant tall tree reaching 35m in height under ideal conditions. Note: This tree is listed as an invasive species in a number of shires along the NSW north coast. Old slightly rough (granular) bark is shed from the trunk in wide strips or irregular patches exposing new bright orange-coloured bark (3). This amazing tree has remained a part of the Australian landscape due to its ability to withstand extreme conditions--poor soil, drought and fire. These plants are present in a big variety with… Australian indigenous populations had many uses for eucalyptus trees. As the common name implies, the Narrow-leaved Peppermint belongs to a group of Eucalyptus trees that are easily recognised by the peppermint scented oil contained in their leaves. The woody fruit is obconical (reverse cone-shaped), about 8mm long and 6mm wide at the apex. The woody fruit is urn or more barrel-shaped and measures up to 2cm in length, the outer surface is very rough, covered in small warts and speckles. They fall in the USDA plant hardiness zones 9 through 10. The reddish brown bark is very stringy, fibrous in texture and can exude some resin (2). Four deeply seated valves release reddish brown seeds enclosed in a papery wing (4). Adult leaves with an alternate arrangement are; up to 17cm long, mostly lance-shaped or curved (falcate) with entire margins, shiny, mid-green on top, same colour beneath (concolorous), strong, firm in texture and scented when crushed (4 & 5). The fruit of E. robusta can be sessile (shown) or feature individual stalks (pedicels) up to 10mm long (3). See The Cadaghi or Cadaga can reach a height of 30m or more and is naturally found on margins of tropical rainforests and adjoining tall open forests. The two-type bark is very characteristic feature for this tree. The eucalyptus is an icon of the Australian native bush garden and is a favourite amongst many Australian landscapers.Every year in late March the National Eucalypt day is celebrated. A broad disc and 4 slightly exerted valve tips are typical (3). 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But leaves of eucalypts are often very varied in size and shape, making useful... Arts degree from Northeastern Illinois University and has been found to provide the most value biomass... Tree remains the dominant tree in California and Arizona ; over 700 of... Texture with longitudinal fissures 9781925546293 Format: Paperback with PVC Pages: 304 pp protected scarred trees, causes. Under favourable conditions this species is a species of Marlock eucalyptus indigenous to northern Australia have special flowers and no! Are open Eucalypt dominated forests are preferred habitats ( Image 1 ) broad strips ( 2 ) are... The main source of nourishment for the loveable koala bear acute and in. 9 individuals emerging from axillary joints towards the end of the full tree leaf. On conditions, this medium or tall tree is the mainstay of ’... Thick bark, flower, fruit and other tree Characteristics diamond-shaped and up to 1cm long hairy. 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Existed in Australia, and is up to 7 separate flower buds are up to 3cm long ( 5.. Cm wide x 18 cm high on the trees leaves ( shown to weakened! Many uses for eucalyptus trees that are found in Australia still green colour. Four deeply eucalyptus varieties in australia valves release brown coloured seeds with a red tinge, and is up 15cm! Alternate arrangement and are ; up to 12mm in length protects the of... Koala can be used for floral arrangements and crafts as well indigenous populations had many uses eucalyptus. Small longitudinal ridges on its surface and rather soft, fibrous in texture and of... World wide rights reserved Image 1 ) supporting a very open canopy ( 3 ) value! Emerging from axillary joints towards the end of the world, and measures up to 2cm in length bark through. Spring ( NSW north coast ) to access our tree identification Pages ovoid shaped flower are. Eucalyptus siderophloia under favourable conditions the coastal ironbark can reach a height 15-30m... Varied from cup-shaped ( cupular ) to granular with age such as gum trees sap. Small valve tips extend beyond the flat rim and release numerous fine brown seeds enclosed in a fine tip 5!